Distribution, relationship, and risk assessment of toxic heavy metals in walnuts and growth soil

Distribution, relationship, and risk assessment of toxic heavy metals in walnuts and growth soil


论文题目: Distribution, relationship, and risk assessment of toxic heavy metals in walnuts and growth soil

论文作者:Yongxiang Han & Zhanglin Ni & Shiliang Li & Minghua Qu & Fubin Tang & Runhong Mo & Caifen Ye & Yihua Liu*

期刊来源: Environmental Science And Pollution Research

卷(期):2018,25(18): 17434-17443

论文摘要:

Walnut is one the most popular nuts worldwide and contains various mineral nutrients. Little is known, however, about the relationship between toxic heavy metals in walnuts and growth soil. In this study, we investigated the distribution, relationship and risk assessment of five toxic heavy metals—lead (Pb), arsenic (As), chromium (Cr), cadmium (Cd), and mercury (Hg)—in walnuts and growth soil in the main production areas of China. The results showed that the main heavy metal pollution in walnut and soil was Pb and Cd. Regionally, positive relationships existed between heavy metals and the pH and organic matter of soil. In addition, we observed a notable uptake effect between walnut and growth soil. In this study, we found a significant correlation (r = 0.786, P < 0.05) between the bioconcentration factors and the longitude of the sampling areas. The risks (total hazard quotients) of five heavy metals toward children and adults by dietary walnut consumption were 46.8% and 56.2%, respectively. The ability to identify toxic heavy metal pollution in walnuts and growth soil could be helpful to screen suitable planting sites to prevent and control heavy metal pollution and improve the quality and safety of walnut.

论文链接:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-1896-3